Please note that abstracts and biographies have been published as provided by the authors. The ICA has chosen not to translate or edit the submissions for the 2016 Congress so as to reflect the diversity and international nature of the ICA.
Date : Tuesday 6 September 2016 16:45-18:15
Room : 318
Available in languages ENG
In the past fifty years, Vietnamese education on archives reached many achievements. Our paper mainly targets to demonstrate the central achievements of Vietnam in archival education during that period of time as well as the new issues emerging in recent years that need to be solved. Based on those arguments, this paper is structured into three parts. Firstly, it figures out an overview of the development process of the Vietnamese education on archives from the year of 1967 marked by the official establishment of the Department of Archives within the Faculty of History, University of Hanoi (current University of Social Sciences and Humanities (USSH), Vietnam National University,VNU-Hanoi) up to now. Secondly, the paper aims to present some central achievements in archival education in Vietnam during that time. In this part of the paper, some core results will be analyzed as follows: the increasing number of archival students including both graduates and post-graduates in smaller periods; the syllabus that has been renewed many times to meet the demands of each period; educational methods that have been applied in past years. Also in this part, some limits of the educational on archives will be pointed out and systematically analyzed. Finally, the third part of our presentation will express the main issues that challenge the archives education at the USSH, VNU-Hanoi, particularly in the context of regional and international integration in all fields and at all levels. Those issues could be: completely research on both theoretical and practical issues of archives education in Vietnam; diversify the types and levels of archival education; supplement archival researchers and lecturers; renovate education methods; increasingly and frequently evaluate the quality of education and finally, widen international cooperation in educating and training the archivists.
Duc Thuan DAO
Duc Thuan DAO, Vietnam National University, USSH-Hanoi, Vietnam
1. Personal data- doctorate, Lecturer of History, Archive Science, Office Management Faculty of Archive Science and Office Management, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU, Hanoi- Current position: Dean, lecturer at Faculty of Archive Science and Office Management, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU, HanoiE-mail: email@example.comPhone: (+84).9184.108.40.206. Main research and teaching interests:- Archival theory- Archival history- Contemporary history of Vietnam and Germany3. Academic qualifications:- From 2009 to 2013: PhD at the University of Giessen, Germany.- From 2001 to 2004: Master at the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU, Hanoi.- From 2001 upto now: researcher and lecturer at the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU, Hanoi and University of Giessen, Germany.4. Some recent publications:- Further discussions on the fates of the former German Prisoners of War and Deserters in the first Indochina War (1946-1954), Journal of Historical Research, vol. 7.2013- A Retrospect on the first Indochina War: Legacies and Prospects. International Conference on the Constructing Southeast Asia, Indonesia 2013.- Looking back at the influence of the first Indochina War (1946-1954) on France and Europe. Journal of European Studies, vol. 12.2014. - Archival appraisal in archive science - some main theoretical results and applications in the archival work in Vietnam. Journal of Vietnamese Records and Archive, vol 01.2015.- Emperor Minh Menh and the archives of the Nguyen dynasty. Journal of Vietnamese Records and Archive, vol 12.2015.
Available in languages ENG
Poland is the 9th largest country in the Central Europe. The modern history of Polish archives started in 1919. Poland regained its independence at the end of World War I, in 1918, after 123 years of dependence. In 1919 the new democratic authorities started forming the modern archival system and securing archival materials. In 1919-1939 Polish archival science was prospering and the archives were regarded positively. The outbreak of the World War II was a disaster for Poland, as well as for Polish archives. A lot of invaluable archival materials were destroyed during the warfare. After the War, Poland was in a completely different reality. A Soviet-backed Polish government took control of the country and Poland became a satellite state of the Soviet Union. During the Revolutions of 1989 Poland's Communist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy. Since then the revolution in Polish archives had started. Polish archival system had to determine its position in the new political, social, economic and technological reality. Archives also had to face many difficult issues, like a massive influx of documents from liquidated former state-owned factories and enterprises, a necessity of a modernisation of buildings, a computerization and implementation of IT solutions, an organizing a modern and universal accessibility of archival materials, a popularization of collections, an international cooperation and creating public relations with archival environment. In addition, seriously underfunded archives were fallen behind the libraries or museums. It is necessary to remember that there was no place for the individualism or national and family identity in the communist reality. Any manifestations of the otherness could be a problem to the citizens. The repressions, surveillance, the poverty and problems with satisfying the necessities didn’t encourage Poles to be the individualist or to start own genealogical research. As a consequence, after overthrowing the Communist government, Poles were thirsted for knowledge.
Elzbieta CZAJKA, the State Archive in Łodz, Poland
Elzbieta Czajka, a historian and an archivist. She has been working in the State Archive in Łódź since 2006. She is responsible for archival appraisal and the popularization of archival collections. Also, she is interested in public relations in the archives and studying archives' social environment. Also, she is keen on Web 2.0 and open access to the archives.
Date : Wednesday 7 September 2016 09:45-11:15
Room : 327
Available in languages ENG
Japanese paper is now widely used as conservation material for archives around the world and is thereby contributing to extending the life of original paper-based records. This presentation aims to review how Japanese paper acquired this popularity as conservation material. As is well known in the art, Japanese historical paintings, documents, and mounting are inseparable. Many of Japanese paintings and documents are done on silk or paper which is too delicate for long term preservation and/or handling for display. This necessitated re-mounting about every 100 years. Accordingly, repeated re-mounting brought the development of conservation technique and selection of suitable paper materials for mounting such as Kozo, Gampi, and Mitsumata.
It was the flood in Florence in 1966 when Japanese paper was first spotlighted as material for archival conservation. European paper conservators who engaged in the rescue activity recognized its potential as good material for treating the water-damaged objects. Since the Florence flood, both Japanese and European conservators have contributed to spread the Japanese conservation techniques. In the international arena, International Center for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM) has organized many training sessions on Japanese conservation techniques since 1977. Numerous reference articles on conservation methods using Japanese paper were published in Europe and the US. Japanese paper suppliers have also played an important role for the spreading of Japanese paper to the world. Nowadays Japanese paper makers have developed new types of paper with traditional fibers and keep exploring new conservation techniques for documents.
As a result of various collaboration by conservators and institutions both in Japan and abroad, Japanese paper has successfully established its reputation as excellent material for conservation.
Katsuhiko MASUDA, The Association for Study of Washi Culture, Japan
BA in Agriculture, the Tokyo University of Education 1965.04/1973.05 worked at the Endo Tokusuiken studio, Conservation of Japanese historical paintings and documents 1973.08--03.2000 Department of Restoration Technique, Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties. 04.2000--03.2017 The Showa Women's University Mainly in charge of study on conservation of paper, paintings and documents. Has conducted 7 Japanese Paper Conservation courses with collaboration of ICCROM since 1992. His main interests are techniques in conservation and history of paper making and traditional mountings. The studies on ancient paper making in Japan "Technical Study on Paper Making in the Nara Period (7-8TH CENTURY)" have clarified the characteristic of ancient paper which could not be reproduced by traditional technique of present day. The results of his study provides appropriate paper for restoration treatment of ancient paper document. "Micro dots adhering and transfer application of paste for paper conservation" provides semi-dry pasting for hinging and minor repairing.
Available in languages ENG
The appraisal and destination of records is an archival activity which guarantees among others issues the preservation of institutional memory and quickly access to information. In 1940 was approved the first legislation on records management in colony of Mozambique, which brought issues related to registration, classification and archival and didn’t address the appraisal and destination. Despite the updating of that legislation in 1960 and 1969 these aspects remained silent. In 1992 was created the National System of Archives, which addressed the classification of records in the three ages (current, semi current and permanent), institutionalized the archives units in the central organs and introduced the concept of records appraisal. Despite the legislation including appraisal of records, this process hasn’t taken place due to the centralization of the operation of the technical teams responsible for appraisal. The records appraisal sessions at each agency or institution in whole country should be called and chaired by the Director of the Historical Archives of Mozambique or his representative. This practice proved to be unenforceable. The accumulation of records originated by the lack of periodic appraisal and destination became limited the space in the sectors and in the permanent archive, creating a favourable environment for widespread disorganization of records and archives in Public Administration. The disorganization of records in the Public Administration made difficult to quickly access to information and consequently delays in obtaining responses to citizens' petitions, which negatively influenced the quality of services provided by the Government. The malfunctioning that was installed in large part of public sector services becomes urgent to adopt measures to contribute to raise the moral and ethical standards of civil servants in order to transform them into true public servants. It is in this context that in 2001 the Government approved the Global Strategy for Public Sector Reform (2001-2011).
Fabiao NHATSAVE, Arlanza DIAS
Fabiao NHATSAVE, CEDIMO, Mozambique
Fabião Nhatsave has degree in History Eduardo Mondlane University; he has also several courses on record management. He has been working as trainer in records management maters since 2007. From 2012 up to now he is head of Department of Documentation and archives in CEDIMO - Mozambique National Documentation and Information Centre.
Arlanza Dias, CEDIMO, Mozambique
Arlanza Dias has degree in Public Administration; she was head of Public services Minister, from 1996 to 1999; Director of APIE, from 1999 to 2005; Head of Human Resources Division in the Ministry of Public Service, 2007 - 2008; Head of Human Resources Department at the Ministry of Public Service 2008 – 2009. From 2009 up to now she is National Director of CEDIMO – Mozambique National Documentation and Information Centre, institution responsible for records management in Mozambique.
Available in languages ENG
The presentation is extracted from my research “Standards for Archival Practices in the National Archives of Thailand (NAT)”. The data was collected between 2012 and 2015 from literature reviews, surveys, and interviews. It covers the concept of international standards and Thai understandings of archives, opinions on the effectiveness of the use of standards to manage archives, the role of the professional in standardisation, and the attitudes of archival professionals towards international standards and the future standardisation of archival practices. ‘Harmony’ relates to the fact that we all belong to an international community of archivists seeking to jointly develop our field in an international spirit of cooperation. ‘Harmony’ also refers to the ways in which national and international standards are being employed by the archival institutions in Thailand. Following the enactment of the National Archives Act 2013 records and archives have increasingly been seen as significant sources for portrayals of Thai history. Management of archives currently rests with the NAT. However, the traditional archival practices employed by the NAT under the current directives and standards are increasingly being challenged by an ever-evolving environment, especially now as we enter the digital age. It has become crucial to identify ways of measuring effective performance through the use of appropriate indicators. Examining the standards currently employed in the NAT is essential to establish whether they remain valid against this changing record management background, and whether the national interest would be better served by further international standardisation. The presentation examines the implementation, whether complete, partial or under consideration, of such international standards as ISAD (G) and ISO15489, and how the process of adopting international archival concepts has worked in practice. It may be of interest for practitioners considering the adoption of international standards, as the Thai experience highlights some of the issues generated by international standardisation.
Pimphot SEELAKATE, University College London, Thailand
I am currently a doctoral candidate at University College London (UCL). My first engagement with records and archives was in 2007-10 when I was an undergraduate in the Library Department, Faculty of Arts at Chulalongkorn University in Thailand. Internships at the National Archives of Thailand and elsewhere deepened my interest in recordkeeping implementation. In 2011 I received a Thai government scholarship to study for a Master’s in Records and Archives Management and a PhD in Information Studies at UCL. My Master’s dissertation was entitled “Commentary on the Bill of National Archives Act of Thailand”, but the course allowed me to enrich and broaden my horizons beyond a single national view of records management issues. In 2012 I enrolled in UCL’s PhD program and began researching “Standards and Standardisation for Archival Practices in Thailand”, focusing on how standards are impacting the quality of management practices at the National Archives of Thailand. In the future, I will work for Chulalongkorn University as a lecturer in the field of archives management. Also, I want to play a role in the promotion of laws and standards in Thailand by fostering a better understanding of records and archives management and exploring solutions to its challenges.
Date : Wednesday 7 September 2016 11:45-13:15
Room : Auditorium
Available in languages ARA CHI ENG FRA KOR RUS SPA
Currently, one of the most urgent issues in the sphere of archival institutions activities in the Republic of Belarus is to increase the availability of historical sources. The tasks of the widest possible release of the documentary heritage from archival repositories, giving it more publicity, are considered among the priority areas in the state archives activities.Solving these problems is seen primarily in the development of multi-level cooperation of archival institutions. At present moment in Belarus quite clearly identified three levels of interaction: interarchival, interdepartmental and international. The next task is to make international cooperation between archives more deep and does not limit it to purely bilateral relations.
The second direction of this kind of activity is a development of new forms of presentation of archival documents, as well as improving the existing traditional ones. The latter includes quite successfully developing in the Republic of Belarus activities aimed at implementation of Internet projects in expositions.
More and more attention is paid to interarchival exchange at the international level, especially with the state archives of the neighboring countries. At the same time the state archives take into account that archival documents are also stored in the library and museum institutions, as well as books and museum exhibits are deposited in the state archives. These integrated fonds are important sources for the development of new forms of cooperation between state archives and other institutions.
Vladzimir ADAMUSHKO, Department on archives and records management, Belarus
Doctor of History, Professor. Head of the State Archival Service of the Republic of Belarus since 2002. State Prize Laureate in science (2002).
Available in languages ARA CHI ENG FRA KOR RUS SPA
Providing access to the archival information for the wide range of users is one of the main functions of the archives. Current information technologies enable to make the information contained in the archival documents available for the whole mankind. In the presentation will be shown on the basis of Russian and foreign experience how this problem is being solved now and what practical steps might be undertaken in the coming years in order to increase the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of introducing the archival information in the digital environment. Creation of information resources related to paper records and their transfer to the Internet is implemented by digitization of the finding aids and of the archival documents. The finding aids are the instrument enabling the user quite rapidly to observe documents which he/she is interested in. The most discussed questions during the creation process of archival information resources are the questions about the amounts of digitization of the archival documents, the priorities of the selection of the documental complexes for the creation of the electronic copies of archival documents, the methods of creation and typology of the information resources formed on their basis, the determination of the terms for the access to them (free or paid). The discussion of these and other problems which archivists face in the modern information society will become the subject of this presentation and will contribute to work out common approaches to the strategy for development of the archives in the digital age.
Vladimir TARASOV, FEDERAL ARCHIVAL AGENCY, Russia
Deputy Director of the Federal Archival Agency (Archives Administration in Russia) Born in the then USSR, 1979 graduated from the Humboldt University (Berlin, the GDR) From 1979 working in the Main Archival Department at the Council of Ministers of the USSR From 1991 working in the Committee on Archives at the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation, renamed State and then Federal Archival Service, now Federal Archival Agency Deputy Director from 1997 Areas of responsibility: preservation, utilization of records, international relations Member of different bodies of the International Council on Archives (ICA) from 1988 From 2010 - Member of the Program Commission of the ICA Speaker at many international conferences on different archival and historical themes.
Available in languages ARA CHI ENG FRA KOR RUS SPA
In its course of development work, the National Center for Archives and Records of Saudi Arabia has begun a field study to survey Saudi government records centers throughout its government agencies. The main objectives of this field work are to define the major needs for records keeping, to identify the status of such records centers, to measure the size of records that need attention, and to set up a clear work plan between the national center and other government agencies. The national center felt it is necessary to do this study in the field to achieve such aims and to direct its future activities in the right direction. The other benefits expected from this field study are to understand the culture of archives work inside the agencies and create a strategy of cooperation to enhance such cultures. This paper will highlight the significant elements of this field study and the process of implementation. It also will show some of the images of this work. The presentation will explain the preliminary results from the work that has been done so far to share such experience with other colleagues in archives knowledge. The other point that this presentation may add is that such work is to be done for the first time and was done through a process of methodology and preparation. We intend through this presentation to get some feedback from those who attend the congress, especially those with experience in field works.
Abdulrahman M. AL-MANIA
Abdulrahman M. AL-MANIA, National Center for Archives and Records, Saudi Arabia
Abdulrahman Al-Mania is a senior staff in the Department of Records Keeping. He is a participant in the field study of Saudi government agencies records center and is leading one of the teams.
Date : Thursday 8 September 2016 15:05-16:35
Room : HALL E5
Available in languages ENG
The professional collaborations of the past six years to reform copyright at the global level provide an encouraging example of how international cooperation can lead to improved public access to archives. Presently, archivists must be willing to ignore the current jumble of national copyright laws if they wish to share their holdings with the rest of the world. That’s because these laws and related international treaties are governed by the outdated idea that commerce in creative works can only survive through governmental enforcement of the copyright monopoly. This regime of strict exclusive rights may have made sense in the print-based world of the 1880s, but it makes no sense for archives now wishing to make their out-of-commerce works accessible to a globally connected, multimedia-oriented audience. This international problem disrupts the harmony of international cooperative archival projects. It can only be solved through extended collaboration between archivists and coalition partners working for change at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). For nearly a decade, WIPO has been discussing an international treaty to require signatory nations to provide copyright exceptions allowing archives and libraries to fulfill their missions in a digital global environment. This session will examine how archival advocacy requires the development of friendship, trust, and understanding between archivists and related professionals, both in the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) and allied organizations, to convince international policy makers of the need for such a treaty. It will also consider how the engagement of the ICA network of national archivists can be essential to convincing the copyright ministries of WIPO member states to seek the needed changes.
Indeed, only through harmonious involvement of national archivists and coalition partners will 21st-century archivists be able to engage in collaborative international projects to make archival records and cultural heritage available globally.
William MAHER, Winston TABB, Sharon ALEXANDER-GOODING (presenter), Jean DRYDEN (author), Eric CHIN
William MAHER, University of Illinois Archives, USA
William Maher is University Archivist and Professor of Library Administration (1995-) and previously Assistant University Archivist (1977-95) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). He served as Program Officer at the U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities (1985-86). He has been elected President and Treasurer of the Society of American Archivists; and President and Secretary-Treasurer of the Midwest Archives Conference. Since 2010, he is Chair of the ICA’s Section on the Archives of Universities and Research Institutions (ICA/SUV). He holds degrees from Case Western Reserve University, Washington University, and UIUC. As the author of one book and 27 articles, he is a regular speaker on archives and history, cultural heritage, university archival administration, and copyright law. Since 2000 he has regularly taught SAA’s workshop on Copyright for Archivists since 2000. Since 2011, Maher has served as the Head of Delegation to represent the Society of American Archivists in Geneva, Switzerland at the World Intellectual Property Organization in an effort to obtain a treaty to provide international exceptions for archives and library work.
Winston Tabb, Johns Hopkins University, USA
Winston Tabb has served as Sheridan Dean of University Libraries and Museums at Johns Hopkins University since September 2002. He served previously as Associate Librarian of Congress for Library Services and Acting Deputy Librarian of Congress. Mr. Tabb joined the Library of Congress in 1972 after receiving master’s degrees in American literature from Harvard University and in library science from Simmons College, where he now serves as an elected trustee.Mr. Tabb has long been active in national and international library activities. He was nominated by President Obama to serve on the National Museum and Library Services Advisory Board, and confirmed by the US Senate in 2010. He served the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) as Chair of the Committee on Copyright and Other Legal Matters from 2003-2011, and now serves as IFLA”s Head of Delegation to WIPO, the World Intellectual Property Organisation.
Mr. Tabb has received the two most distinguished honors awarded by the American Library Association, the Joseph W. Lippincott Award (2007) and Melvil Dewey Medal (1998); the John Ames Humphry Award for substantial contributions to international librarianship; and the L Ray Patterson Copyright Award, which annually recognizes contributions of an individual who pursues and supports the Constitutional purpose of the U.S. Copyright Law, fair use and the public domain.
Sharon ALEXANDER-GOODING (presenter), University of the West Indies, Barbados
Sharon Alexander-Gooding is a graduate of the University of British Columbia (UBC) and of the University of the West Indies (UWI). She attained a Certificate in Instructional Skills and Workshops (1994) and a Master's degree in Archival Studies (1995) from UBC. She also holds an honours undergraduate degree in history with social sciences and is completing a PhD in history with a focus on the development of record keeping in the English-speaking Caribbean, at UWI.In her career as archivist/records manager and educator, she has held many positions including Acting National Archivist and Manager, Government Records Centres in Trinidad and Tobago; archivist, York University Archives; University Archivist and Head, Archives and Records Management, Senior Registrar, Senior Lecturer and Course Coordinator at the University of the West Indies; member, Barbados Government Advisory Board on Archives and Records; and she is currently lecturing at UBC in the post-graduate program in archives and records management. She has completed many consultancies in archives and records management with local, regional and international agencies, including USAIS, IRMT/World Bank, CARICOM, the OECS, Bahamas Financial Services and governments in the Caribbean.She has also served in many voluntary capacities over the years, including Board director at ARMA International; member - Board of Trustees at the ARMA International Educational Foundation; several committees and working groups of ARMA International and the ICA, including as a Trustee of FIDA, Vice-president of CARBICA. She is a founding member and honorary advisor to the Barbados Association of Records and Information Management.
Jean Dryden, Copyright, Records Management and Archives, Canada
Eric Chin, National Archives of Singapore, Singapore
Date : Friday 9 September 2016 09:50-11:20
Room : 318
Available in languages ENG
The Netherlands have a rich history and share a great deal of its past with numerous nations around the globe. The Dutch East India Company (VOC) and the Dutch West India Company (WIC) in particular left their mark on the world in both a material and an intangible sense, as did the commerce and population shifts associated with the colonial era. Remnants of Dutch history can be found all around the world, while a part of the history of other countries can also be found in the Netherlands. The heritage that is produced by this shared history is known as Shared Cultural Heritage. Shared heritage consists of museum collections, architectural and archaeological heritage, cultural landscapes and archives. Intangible heritage, such as stories or customs, can also be categorized as Shared Cultural Heritage. To highlight this heritage and preserve, develop and make it available for the public and researchers all over the world, the Shared Cultural Heritage program is a priority within the international cultural policy of the Dutch government from the year 2000 onwards. It aims to accomplish 3 goals: - Promotion of the Dutch international relations - Sustainable conservation of the shared heritage - create opportunities with Shared Cultural Heritage for the Netherlands in the public and economic diplomacy. Within this program the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science , the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Dutch National Heritage Agency, the Dutch Centre for International Cooperation and the Dutch National Archives work closely together. The main focus of the Nationaal Archief within the Shared Cultural Heritage Program is on digitization and online presentation. Digitization is focused on Dutch formed archives from 1600-1975 in the Netherlands, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Surinam, Guyana and the US. At present digitization projects are running in cooperation with 5 of these countries: Indonesia, India, the US, Guyana and Surinam.
Arjan AGEMA, Rita TJIEN FOOH
Arjan AGEMA, Dutch National Archives, Netherlands
MSc in non-western sociology, a museums and archives expert by experience. Head of Digitization of the Dutch National Archives, responsible for several projects on digitisation, mutual cultural heritage, paper conservation and the Archives Portal Europe. Member of the management of the Dutch National Archives, heading a department of 27 co-workers. President of the Archives Portal Europe Foundation.
Rita TJIEN FOOH, National Archief Surinam, Suriname
Mrs. Rita TJIEN FOOH has worked at the National Archives of Suriname since 2002. First as a member of the Management of the National Archives from 2002- 2010. From 2010 until present date she is the National Archivist / Director of the National Archives. In the Caribbean Branch of the International Council on Archives (CARBICA )she has served as Vice President from 2010- 2014. In December 2014 she was elected as the President of the CARBICA for the term 2015-2018. In Suriname she is also a part-time lecturer at the Anton de Kom University of Suriname/ the Faculty Humanoria/ History Department, where she teaches Archival studies from 2004 till present date. In Suriname she is also the advisor of the National Archives Advisory Board.
She currently holds the position of the President of the Regional Committee of the UNESCO Memory of the World programme for the Latin American and Caribbean Region for safeguarding the documentary heritage. She has a Masters degree in Archival Science from the University of Amsterdam and a Masters degree in Public Administration from the Erasmus University / FHR Lim A Po Institute.
Available in languages CHI
Lian DENG, Dalian Municipal Archives, China
LIAN DENG Archivist Deputy Director Administration Office of Dalian Municipal Archives49# Zhongnan RoadZhongshan District,Dalian 116015Liaoning Provice,Chinaldeng_dl@163.com(86411)82880183,15104119026Education:Jul.1996, graduated from Archives College of RUC, got a bachelor'degree in historyJan.2003,got a master's degree in management of RUCWork ExperienceSince Aug.1996, I have been working in Dalian Municipal Archives. Successively, I engaged in professional guidance of economic,scientific and technological archives, archives management and archives promotion etc. As the principal, I have taken active part in the project of the overseas collection of Dalian Municipal Archives. From 2011,I have already visited 3 National Archives,2 institutions and libraries. I have some interesting in the research of international cooperation of archival institutions.
Available in languages ENG
The history and ethnography of the Cordillera Region, north of Manila has been extensively documented in the early 1900s. American anthropologists came to the Philippines, their curiosity aroused by stories narrated and photographs captured by Dean Conant Worcester as well as exhibitions of indigenous Filipinos in the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Anthropologists and American Mountain Province administrators wrote about the Cordillera Region. Not only were observations written down, images of the indigenous peoples have also been captured by the camera. In the process of writing about the Igorots, indigenous knowledge were accumulated, documents were produced, and artifacts were collected. When they went home to the United States, the documents they produced and material culture they acquired in the course of their research were deposited in libraries, archives and museums abroad. My paper looks into the problems generated by these “out-migration” of documents. With the growing interest on the Cordillera by scholars and the youth there is a need to access these documents in the different libraries, archives and museums outside the Philippines. As the Conference theme states, information should move seamlessly from one country to another. Globalism and the increasing trend toward borderless society should improve access to records and archives that are in different countries. Digitization and the internet have made locating these documents easier. However, there are still problems with regard to accessing documents. The process and cost of accessing the documents have often times been problematic based on the experiences of the University of the Philippines Baguio Cordillera/Northern Luzon Historical Archives. My paper will narrate our experiences with regard to accessing and having these documents “repatriated” to the Philippines. Finally, my paper will hopefully be a call to action to all archives around the world to consider repatriation of Cordillera documents to communities where these materials will be more needed.
Cristina VILLANUEVA, University of the Philippines Baguio, Philippines
Cristina B. Villanueva is currently head of the University of the Philippines Baguio Library. Prior to heading the Library, she was section head of the UP Baguio Cordillera/Northern Luzon Historical Archives and the Cordillera Studies Collection Library. She has a Master’s degree in Library Science from the Saint Louis University, Baguio City and has earned units in Archives Administration from the University of the Philippines Diliman. Contact details: e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com contact number: +639175061183 address: University of the Philippines Baguio Library, Gov. Pack Road, Baguio City 2600, Philippines