Session 3.3- Cultural sustainability and security through archives

Author(s):

Rio Admiral Parikesit, Harry Bawono, Rayi Darmagara, Bronia Kornhauser - Anthea Skinner

Date Added:

23 October 2019

Chair: Inge Høst Seiding, Head of the Greenland National Museum and Archives

Wednesday, 23 October 2019

a. The National Movement for the Awareness of Orderly Archiving in Indonesia: an Experimentation Program to Recharge the Indonesian Government Agencies Commitment on Archiving by Rio Admiral Parikesit, Harry Bawono, Rayi Darmagara

The National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia (ANRI) at the direction of the Ministry of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform (MENPAN-RB) launched the Gerakan Nasional Sadar Tertib Arsip (GNSTA) or The National Movement for the Awareness of Orderly Archiving in 2016. This movement was crafted based on the data released in 2016 by ANRI’s Records Administration Compliance Unit that described how the majority of government agencies did not manage their records properly. In relation to this data, ANRI uses this movement as a medium to increase the commitment of state apparatus in order to manage their records properly. In the beginning, this movement used social movement as a framework which is considered not only to improve the formal and emotional dimensions, but also the substantial. The formal dimension is about how the records management indicators derived from formal regulations can be fulfilled by the government agencies. The emotional dimension concerns  how emotions such as pride, enthusiasm, and others among archival workers in government agencies can be grown. The substantial dimension concerns how checklists in the formal dimension can be parallel with the empirical practice of records management. Furthermore, ANRI has also issued a regulation number 7/2017 on GNSTA and constructed a higher regulation (Presidential Regulation) to strengthen it. While the higher regulation was processed, the ceremonial launch of the movement in government agencies continued. Unfortunately, the formal dimension became more dominant, and the other dimensions did not develop as well.  This is clearly seen from the activity that was limited to ceremonial launching. This paper reports on research into the movement which used qualitative methods from 2017 to mid-2018. This research found as a medium to encourage, this movement is quite effective. However, for the development of the emotional and substantial dimensions, and in order to make a commitment among the government agencies more durable, ANRI needs more effort so that this movement is not just noisy at the ceremonial moment.

Biographies

Rio Admiral Parikesit

Rio Admiral Parikesit is a Legal Drafter in the Legal Division, National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia. Having a bachelor's degree in Law from Diponegoro University, Semarang City, Rio Admiral Parikesit has the ability to prepare archival legislation and analyze archival legal issues because he has a knowledge base in the form of legal science, statutory science, and archival science. The orcid id: 0000-0001-7536-6400.

Harry Bawono

Harry Bawono is a researcher at the Center for Research and Archival System Development, The National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia. Holding a magister degree in Sociology from the University of Indonesia, Harry Bawono combines the perspectives of Sociology and Archival science in dissecting the problems both archival and other socio-cultural issues. His Scopus id: 57202746529.

Rayi Darmagara

Rayi Darmagara is a legal drafter at the law and legislation unit, at the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia. Holds a magister degree in constitutional law from Krisnadwipayana University, Rayi Darmagara has the ability as a legal drafter in archive regulation.

b. Tsunamis, Earthquakes and Forest Fires: Archives as Guardians of Cultural Continuity in Indonesia by Bronia Kornhauser - Anthea Skinner

On 26 December 2004, a tsunami swept through the Indian ocean, resulting in over 220,000 people being killed or presumed dead. One of the areas hardest hit by the tsunami was the Indonesian province of Aceh where over 170,000 people died. Among the dead and missing were many of the province’s cultural leaders including musicians, dancers, poets, composers, puppeteers and instrument makers. Their knowledge, skills and experience washed away with them and overnight, many of Aceh’s indigenous and regional cultures became endangered. During the reconstruction efforts the Music Archive of Monash University (MAMU) was approached by local government officials in Aceh to use their Acehnese music and dance collection to help the community to rebuild cultures at risk of disappearing. Using our recordings, photographs and physical collections, we explored innovative ways to help reintroduce, rebuild and revitalise artforms whose senior practitioners had been decimated. We were able to provide copies of audio- and audio-visual recordings, musical instruments and costumes to local communities to help rebuild aspects of their culture that might otherwise have been irretrievably lost. We collaborated closely with the library of Aceh’s Syiahkuala Unversity, donating a range of publications about Acehnese music culture, including recordings and graphic drawings of the once obsolete tabot drums of Pidie, allowing them to be rebuilt and their music revitalised.
 
Fifteen years later the cultural life of Aceh is now thriving, however other parts of Indonesia continue to be plagued by natural and man-made disasters. Focussing specifically on the Sumatran provinces of Lampung, which was recently affected by the eruption of Krakatoa; and Jambi, which faces the ongoing threat of deadly pollution produced by smouldering peat fires, this paper will explore how archives such as MAMU can be used to support cultural continuity in areas experiencing  trauma and upheaval.

Biographies

Bronia Kornhauser

Bronia Kornhauser, MA (Monash University) is an ethnomusicologist and has been the archivist for the Music Archive of Monash University (MAMU) since 1995. Besides maintaining and digitising MAMU's various collections, she regularly curates exhibitions associated with concerts, conferences and symposia. Exhibitions held this year were aligned with monthly concerts, which included the music and dance of Iran and Afghanistan, Indonesia, India, and China and Japan. Bronia's main area of research and publication is the musics of the Asia-Pacific region.

Anthea Skinner

Anthea Skinner has a PhD in musicology and is currently completing a Graduate Diploma in Archives and Records Management at the University of South Australia. As well as working at the Music Archive of Monash University (MAMU), she is also a research assistant at the National Centre for Indigenous Language and Music Studies (NCALMS) at the University of Adelaide. Anthea's main areas of research are music and conflict and disability music culture.